September 15 is Costa Rican independence day, and the entire country will join in the celebrations. Costa Rica received its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. Before becoming independent, Costa Rica was a Spanish colony, and Guatemala served as a regional government center. In September of 1821, Guatemala declared its independence from Spain, simultaneously declaring Costa Rica’s independence as well. The newly independent Guatemalans gathered together to give a cry of freedom on the evening of September 14, 1821.

Because the Guatemalans carried torches, or faroles, during their evening celebration, torch-carrying has become an integral part of independence day celebrations in Costa Rica. At 6:00 on the night of September 14, torch-lit parades make their way across many Costa Rican towns and in San José. Traditionally, the Costa Rican national anthem plays during the parade of the faroles, and several radio stations often broadcast the anthem simultaneously at 6:00.

Schoolchildren have long played an important role in Costa Rica’s independence day celebrations. The country prides itself on its educational system, and Costa Rican patriots have long argued that the country’s future freedom rests on the shoulders of its schoolchildren. Many of the participants in the farol parades are schoolchildren who have made and decorated their own torches. On September 15 itself, Costa Rican schoolchildren parade through the streets, waving flags and singing patriotic songs. Costa Ricans celebrate the fact that schoolchildren–and not members of the military–head their patriotic celebrations.

Interestingly, Costa Rica did not learn of its independence until October of 1821, as it took a month for the information to reach Costa Rica from Guatemala.

Learn more about faroles.

Writing and editing by Beaumont Hardy Editing.

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